(Hint: It’s not as great as you’d think.)
China isn’t the only Southeast Asia nation struggling to come to grips with rapidly increasing wages.
Thailand’s government is considering a 21% hike in the minimum wage, leading several executives to warn that the move could push labor-intensive jobs elsewhere.
Thailand is home to several of the world’s largest EMS firms, including Cal-Comp (no. 8 on the CIRCUITS ASSEMBLY Top 50), Team Precision (n0. 19), Delta Electronics, Hana Microelectronics ( no. 29) and SVI Public Co., not to mention Fabrinet, which is based in San Francisco but whose factories are in Thailand.
We will hear more and more of this as Asia faces the same, inevitable swell of worker pushback. Thailand suffers through massive worker strikes each year, and its government may finally be capitulating. With higher wages come increased overhead, although it would take far more study and space than allowed here to examine whether the expenses related to training, turnover and (lower) end-product quality exceed those of a higher minimum wage.
What we do know, however, is that much of the world’s economic model balances on the import economies of the US and Europe. Over time, this will have to change, lest we continue to endure sharp boom-bust cycles every few years.
Interesting discussion going on at LinkedIn, where a handful of folks are debating the going rates for PCB design in China.
It started when someone asked what the “least per hour charges” to attract a client for PCB layout outside China (emphasis mine). (The question was asked by a LinkedIn member in Pakistan.) Quickly others chimed in with the usual “you get what you pay for” refrain (when it comes to PCB design, I tend to agree).
Someone from Israel noted that they charge by the pad. Those who commented on hourly charges relayed reports (unconfirmed, by the way) of $5 (China) to $10 (Pakistan).
PCD&F conducts an annual salary survey, and certainly a $10/hour contract rate would undermine even the lowest paid designer responding to that questionnaire. But keep in mind, these are not confirmed quotes. And as the folks at PCB West last week showed in spades, there’s no comparison between a button pusher and a PCB design engineer.